French Enlightenment philosopher and playwright. Like Voltaire, he was a staunch absolutist during the Enlightenment and mistrusted the ‘masses’, deeming them incapable of forming rational opinions. He started out as a bishop but quickly jumped ship during his studies at the Sorbonne. He was dubious about dualism, the separation of people’s mind and body, and wrote a story called The Nun about perverse practices inside a female convent. He started and contributed to his much-praised Encyclopaedia, which is so comprehensive that we even found an article about wet dreams and masturbation.