John Locke

John Locke
Birth 1632
Death 1704

English philosopher, ‘father’ of liberalism. He denied the existence of innate ideas; people are born with a ‘blank slate’ of a mind (‘tabula rasa’) and only acquire knowledge through sensory perception. He conceptualised certain natural rights (to life, liberty, equality and property) and the social contract in a constitutional state, characterised by the division of church and state and the separation of powers. He influenced Voltaire, Rousseau, Hume, and Kant, and even the Unite States Declaration of Independence.

A newsletter that is not afraid to answer the most important questions of our time
Discover the exclusive new texts and insights from Vitaly Malkin *

* By filling in your email address, you agree to receive our latest news on Vitaly Malkin by email and you are aware of our privacy policy.