Russian philosopher in the school of Kierkegaard. He started out as a revolutionary Marxist but quickly abandoned Communist ideas, finding Christian existentialism to be liberating and inspiring. According to this belief, God is not in control of mankind’s ‘original’ and chaotic freedom, the mother of evil, but he can transform it in the power of his love and sacrifice. He believed in universal salvation, even for sinners and wretches. Even so, you were better off being a believer.