Birth 427 BC
Death 347 BC

A colossus of Ancient Greek philosophy who was taught by Socrates and taught Aristotle. He is the pet thing of every philosopher of religion: he thought that only unchanging real entities exist in any objective sense. This is his basis for criticising literature and art, which cannot, in and of themselves, create anything like a real entity and serve only to distance people from their intuitions. He thought that the essence of man was in his immortal soul, not the temporal body he acquires at birth; he called people to rise above the unworthy sensory world. He insisted that people have an innate understanding of good and evil. He acquired such authority that he was even said to have been immaculately conceived.

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