Ancient Greek philosopher, tutor of Xenophon, Antisthenes and Plato, whose death is better documented that his life. He’s more than just a legend – he’s a philosophical icon and he’s been the subject of much interest for other iconic figures such as Aristotle, Hegel, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche. We won’t attempt to summarise his entire philosophy here, but want to draw attention to one very relevant issue: Socrates was the first philosopher to speak out against the law ‘eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth’ (la loi du talion). He didn’t think the government should counter injustice with injustice under any circumstances. Considering how rife terrorism is nowadays, we disagree.
Birth 469 BC
Death 399 BC